Shamir, Yitzhak

orig. Yitzhak Jazernicki

(n. 15 oct. 1915, Ruzinov, Polonia, Imperio ruso).

Estadista israelí de origen polaco. En 1935 emigró a Palestina, donde ayudó a fundar la organización Combatientes por la libertad de Israel, conocida más tarde como la pandilla de Stern. Arrestado en dos ocasiones por las autoridades británicas (1941, 1946), escapó ambas veces y finalmente se asiló en Francia. Tras la independencia de Israel, sirvió como agente del servicio secreto hasta 1965. Fue presidente del Knesset (1977–80) y más tarde ministro de asuntos exteriores de Menahem Begin (1980–83). En 1983, se convirtió en primer ministro. En 1984, una elección sin resultados decisivos lo llevó a compartir el poder con el líder del Partido Laborista, Shimon Peres, y ocupó el cargo de primer ministro durante seis años a partir de 1986. En este período hubo otra elección sin resultados concluyentes, en 1988, y en 1990 se formó un gobierno de coalición que perdió el poder en 1992. Se retiró del Knesset en 1996.

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • Shamir, Yitzhak — orig. Yitzhak Jazernicki born Oct. 15, 1915, Ruzinoy, Pol., Russian Empire Polish born Israeli statesman. He immigrated in 1935 to Palestine, where he helped found the Israel Freedom Fighters, later known as the Stern Gang. Twice arrested by… …   Universalium

  • Shamir, Yitzhak — (formerly Yzernitzky) (1915 )    Born in Rozhinay (or Rozhnoi) in eastern Poland in 1915, he was educated at a Hebrew secondary school in Bialystok, where he became a disciple of Vladimir Ze ev Jabotinsky and joined the Revisionist youth movement …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Shamir,Yitzhak — Sha·mir (shə mērʹ), Yitzhak. Originally Yitzhak Yezernitsky. Born 1915. Polish born Israeli politician. He served as a member of Israel s intelligence agency (1955 1965), the Israeli parliament (1973 1996), and as prime minister (1983 1984 and… …   Universalium

  • Shamir, Yitzhak — (b. 1915)    Israeli politician. Shamir was born in Ruzimir, Poland and educated at Warsaw University and the Hebrew University, Jerusalem. He emigrated to Palestine in 1935. He was a member of the Irgun and a founder member and leader of the… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Shamir, Yitzhak —  (1915–) Prime minister of Israel (1983–1984, 1988–1992); born Yitzhak Jazernicki …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Shamir, Yitzhak — (b. 1915)    Israeli statesman. He was born in Ruzinoy, Polland. He emigrated to Palestine in 1935 and joined Irgun Tzevai Leumi. He later helped to reorganize the Central Committee of the Lohame Herat Yisrael. He was elected to the Knesset in… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Shamir — (Yitzhak) (né en 1915) homme politique israélien. Chef du Likoud (1983 1992), il fut Premier ministre en 1983 1984 et 1986 1992 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Yitzhak Shamir — Infobox Prime Minister name=Yitzhak Shamir יִצְחָק שָׁמִיר order=7th office= Prime Minister of Israel term start =20 October 1986 term end =13 July 1992 predecessor =Shimon Peres successor =Yitzhak Rabin term start2 =10 October 1983 term end2 =14 …   Wikipedia

  • Yitzhak — (as used in expressions) Rabin Yitzhak Shamir Yitzhak Yitzhak Jazernicki Zuckerman Yitzhak Yitzhak Cukierman * * * …   Universalium

  • SHAMIR (Yazernitzki), YITZHAK — (1915– ), pre state underground leader and Israeli prime minister, member of the Eighth to Thirteenth Knesset. Born in Ruzinoy, in Eastern Poland, Shamir studied at a Hebrew gymnasium in Bialystok, and was a member of the betar youth movement .… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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